You did a DNA test in a genetic genealogy laboratory (FamilyTree DNA, 23andMe, Ancestry.com, LivingDNA, MyHeritage, Igenea, 24genetics…). However, you only have access to the database of people who have tested in the same laboratory. Your goal is to find as many genetic cousins as possible. Do you need to do a test in every genetic genealogy lab? No, you can transfer your data for free, but not to all laboratories. Here is the summary table to help you.
Find the largest number of genetic cousins
You did a DNA test in a genetic genealogy lab, hoping to find family members. Now, you are disappointed by the result. You only have one close match, or genetic matches too far away to be usable.
Some of these genetic cousins will have transferred their data to GedMatch, but a majority, unaware of this alternative, will remain in the same genetic laboratory.
Unless you are Croesus, you are not going to offer yourself a genetic test in every laboratory. You can do the test in the lab with the largest database, but if one of your genetic cousins has chosen another lab, you won't find it.
To maximize your chances, you need to transfer your genetic data to as many genetic labs as possible.
Free genetic data transfers, in general
With the exception Ancestry.com, all genetic genealogy laboratories accept some raw data transfers from other laboratories. This attention is not without ulterior motives. All genetic genealogy laboratories sell your genetic data to medical laboratories for scientific research. Your data is then made anonymous, with no indication of your names or contact information. So it's in their best interest to have as many DNA profiles as possible.
The MyHeritage case
From December 1, 2018, MyHeritage will charge for the transfer of raw data from other genetic genealogy laboratories. If you have transferred your data before this fateful date, you can and will continue to access ethnic results, DNA matches, and your genetic cousins. However, if you download after December 1, 2018, to access this information, you will have to pay. The price from that date has not yet been disclosed.
The LivingDNA case
You can transfer your data to LivingDNA, but you won't get any results at this time. The possibility of seeing genetic cousins will not be theoretically available until the summer of 2018. As part of the One Family One World project, you can transfer your data from other laboratories.
LivingDNA uses your data to enrich its database, especially for a better mapping of your European origins. Their main objective, the main flaw of the other laboratories, is to be able to indicate your regional origins of each European country. Their program will last 5 years.
To access their database, you will need to buy their test. By transferring your data, you do not have access to any information at this time. Here's why I exclude them from the comparison chart below.
You can transfer your data from FamilyTree DNA and 23andMe to 24Genetics BUT it will pay off. You will have to pay 49 euros to access your ethnic estimate, without the possibility of connecting to a database of genetic cousins. Here's why I exclude them from the comparison chart below.
The Wegene case
By transferring your genetic database to Wegene, you will not have access to their database. This Asian laboratory has an English version, but the language barrier would quickly manifest itself with users of this other continent.
On the other hand, you will have access to your more accurate ethnic results regarding Asian origins, since their panel is more elaborate. This can be useful for adoptees of Asian origins seeking information about their ethnic origins. Here's why I include them in the comparison chart below.
The table of data transfers between genetic genealogy laboratories
In the sense of reading the line, we have FamilyTree DNA accepts transfers of 23andMe and Ancestry.com.
On the next line, 23andMe does not accept transfers from FamilyTree DNA and Ancestry.
And so on for every genetic genealogy lab.
The exception is Ancestry.com that does not accept any data transfer from other laboratories.
| ||FamilyTree DNA||23andMe||Ancestry.com||MyHeritage||Igenea||Genographic||Wegene|
You'll find a more detailed table, including versions of the different labs, on DNAexplained (Thanks Manu Manou of Facebook, for the info 🙂 ).
Here are the links from each genetic genealogy lab from which you can transfer your raw data:
Download your data on FamilyTree DNA
Download your data on MyHeritage (paying from December 1, 2018)
Download your data on WeGene
Download your data on LivingDNA (no access to the results or their database at the moment)
Download your data on 24genetics (paying)
Last come to beta test: Geneanet. See article.
The picture is likely to evolve with changes in the commercial policy of each genetic genealogy laboratory. MyHeritage has just authorized the sale of genetic tests on the French market since April 2018. Who knows, Ancestry may one day allow himself to do so. In the meantime, to order an Ancestry test in France, here's my tip.